Gynecomastia: Symptoms, types, causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Gynecomastia is a word that not many may know of. Instead, man boobs and moobs are common words used by many people while referring to this problem.  However, in very simple terms, gynecomastia is nothing but the enlargement of male breast tissue inside the breast gland. This happens because of an imbalance of hormones in the body; especially when the estrogen level increases and testosterone level drops. Here are some of the gynecomastia symptoms to help you get a clear picture about your condition.

Gynecomastia Symptoms

What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?

One of the first symptoms that you will notice is the enlarged male breasts. As mentioned earlier, this is the enlargement of glandular tissue rather than the fatty tissue. The breasts may have a rubbery or firm feel and will be symmetrical in location compared to the nipple. In some cases, it is unilateral but generally occurs on both sides. Although there is no severe pain, there still may be tenderness and sensitivity. These are some of the physical symptoms, but it is only the doctor that will examine the condition and confirm whether you have gynecomastia.

Types of gynecomastia

The types of gynecomastia vary from person to person and are seen in 4 grades. Here is a description of easy type of gynecomastia:

  • Type or grade 1

There will just be a localized button of tissue that grows around the areola. This type is considered to be very mild.

  • Type or grade 2

In this type, a male will experience moderate breast enlargement that exceeds the areola as well. In this condition, the edges are indistinct from the chest. This is considered as a mild to high type of gynecomastia.

  • Type or grade 3

In this type as well, there is moderate breast enlargement that exceeds the areola. The edges are distinct from the chest, and there is a skin redundancy present in this condition. This type is considered to be high and visible.

  • Type or grade 4

There is a marked breast enlargement in this condition along with feminization of the breast and redundancy of skin. This is a severe type and is visibly feminine.

Based on the type of your gynecomastia, doctors will recommend you a treatment option that is most appropriate.

Several causes of gynecomastia

There could be several causes for gynecomastia, but the most common ending is an excess presence of estrogen and decreased testosterone. This could happen to anyone when he produces more of estrogen and less of testosterone. In reality, all males have some amount of estrogen in them, but with this condition it becomes the dominant hormone. Gynecomastia is also increasingly seen as an after effect of drug abuse, certain medications, and also radiation from cancer treatments.

What is the diagnosis and treatment?

It is important to get a clear idea about the diagnosis of this problem because then you can take the right decision on treatment. One of the most important things in this regard is to see a doctor at the earliest to ensure whether or not you have gynecomastia. You can go to your family doctor for diagnosis, but it is always best to go to a clinic reputed for providing efficient gynecomastia surgery. If gynecomastia cannot be confirmed by a physical examination, then doctors recommend going for specific scans for this purpose.

What are the treatment options?

There are different approaches you can take for gynecomastia treatment, but it is best to go for a tried and tested method, which is gynecomastia surgery. Once you wake up after the surgery, you can be sure that your breast or rather, male breast related problem is completely solved. It is an efficient treatment option that most men choose to go for. Some people have benefited from adopting a diet that promotes growth of testosterone and inhibits estrogen, but the success rate of this solution is very less. Compression shirts are specifically designed for people with gynecomastia, but that also has its own limitations. If you want to get a permanent solution for your male boobs, then you need to go for gynecomastia surgery.

As you go through the above-mentioned points, you can analyze the best course of action to take in the future. If you have even the slightest of doubt of gynecomastia, it is best to get it checked by an experienced doctor. The doctors will help you understand whether you have this problem, the treatment course, and final treatment option. Gynecomastia is a condition in which a person suffers from psychological issues and not physical problems because there is no pain involved. An efficient treatment will ensure that this problem is solved from the root.