The term “hyperpigmentation” in medicine refers to darker regions of the skin caused by an excessive amount of melanin synthesis. Everything from sun damage and hormone changes to acne scars might contribute to this. You are not alone if you are struggling with hyperpigmentation. Several ways exist to address the common skin problem known as hyperpigmentation.
To analyze your condition in detail, you can visit TheNewYou clinic in Hyderabad where you will have access to the most suitable treatment for your condition. The clinic is quite popular for its expert laser treatments that target a lot of skin conditions. However, hyperpigmentation after laser treatment is quite common and not something that should concern you as these are temporary and fade as the area heals.
What is Hyperpigmentation?
Patches of skin that have hyperpigmentation get darker than the surrounding skin. The pigment that gives skin its color, melanin, causes it when the skin produces too much of it. Any skin type may be affected, and it is more likely to occur during pregnancy, as people get older, or following an incident.
Due to the higher melanin concentration of darker skin tones, hyperpigmentation is quite common in people with colored skin. The skin may create more melanin because of burns, bruising, acne, rashes, or other trauma, developing black spots.
The various forms of hyperpigmentation include:
- “Liver” spots, commonly known as aging spots.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation in melasma
- Several drugs and medical problems can also cause hyperpigmentation.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
1. Skin Inflammation
After someone has experienced skin inflammation, some areas of the skin may get darker. This can be a skin injury, lupus, eczema, or acne. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is more likely to occur in people with darker skin.
2. Prolonged Sun Exposure
The body produces more melanin to shield the skin from prolonged sun exposure. This may cause age spots or sunspots, which are dark spots or patches on the skin.
3. Reactions to Medicine
Hyperpigmentation can be brought on by some pharmaceuticals, including tricyclic antidepressants and antimalarials. Skin patches may become gray in these situations. The ingredients in topical medications can occasionally cause hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation Treatment Options Include
1. Face acids
Face acids and skin acids act by removing the top layer of your skin through exfoliation. When you exfoliate your skin, fresh skin cells replace the old ones. Due to the process, your skin will become more even in tone and smoother overall. This is one of the best hyperpigmentation treatments available for most Indian skin tones.
Retinoids, which are derived from vitamin A, are among the most traditional OTC skin care components. Their small molecular size lets them treat the skin layers beneath your epidermis by deeply penetrating the skin. Both prescription and over-the-counter retinoids are available. But OTC versions typically have worse quality. Discuss the prescription retinoid tretinoin (Retin-A) with your dermatologist if you still don’t see any improvement after a few months.
3. Chemical peels
When performing a chemical peel, more significant acids are used to treat the targeted skin area. By eliminating your skin’s epidermis, they lessen the appearance of hyperpigmentation. To achieve more dramatic results, deeper versions may pierce the dermis, the middle layer of your skin. Consider obtaining a professional-grade peel at your dermatologist’s clinic, even though many chemical peels are sold over the counter. These are more effective and produce benefits more quickly.
4. Laser peels
Targeted light beams are used to lessen hyperpigmentation during a laser peel (resurfacing) procedure. Types of laser peels are:
- The most intense laser treatments remove layers of your skin and are called ablative lasers. On the other hand, non-ablative therapies focus on the dermis to encourage collagen formation and tightening benefits.
- Although ablative lasers are more powerful, they could have more negative effects. Both eliminate substances from your skin so fresh skin cells regenerate tighter and more toned.
This treatment is common for treating hyperpigmentation around the mouth.
A clinical technique called microdermabrasion is used to treat hyperpigmentation that only affects the epidermis (superficial scarring). Your dermatologist will use drill-like handheld equipment with a wire brush or other abrasive attachment throughout the operation. The epidermis is then swiftly but delicately removed by swiping the tool across your skin. To get the best results, you might require several sessions. This is a great hyperpigmentation treatment for dark skin.
What Works Best for Each Skin Tone?
The extent and duration of hyperpigmentation treatments depend on the skin tone. Some medicines can be used by persons with fair, medium, or dark skin tones; however, treatments for those with darker skin tones take longer to be effective. Most treatments for hyperpigmentation work effectively on fair skin. If you are easily tan or have darker skin, you may be prohibited from doing the following:
- blazing lasers
- IPL treatment
The following choices may be helpful for people with medium skin tones
- chemical peels
Those with darker complexion may gain from
- Kojic acid
- glycolic acid
- OTC whitening products.
Lower-strength chemical peels like microdermabrasion outperform laser treatments only when performed at lower intensities over more sessions. In general, topical therapies take longer to show benefits.
Ways to Prevent Hyperpigmentation:
Although hyperpigmentation cannot always be stopped or prevented from growing more pronounced, there are specific strategies to lower the risk. This is possible by:
- Employing clothing that protects the skin and applying sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to the skin.
- Avoiding scratching at the skin when it has patches, scabs, or acne after an injury.
- Obtain professional advice before using creams to lighten dark areas, as this may trigger reactions.
- Using skin-lightening cosmetics sparingly to achieve a lighter complexion.
In conclusion, a critical first step to getting a cleaner and more luminous complexion is choosing the proper pigmentation treatment for your skin type and issues. Remember that every person’s skin is unique, so what works for one person may not work for another. Different pigmentation problems call for various strategies. Understanding your problems will help you customize your treatment decision, whether you have melasma, sun damage, or uneven skin tone. Seeking a doctor’s consultation is a viable option to learn more about your condition and its treatment options. To undergo hyperpigmentation treatment in Hyderabad, visit The New You where you will find multiple treatment options suitable for your condition.