Gynecomastia is a male disorder due to which the tissue present inside the breast glands grows. Thus, causing female-appearing breasts. Thus, it can be easily described as the enhancement in the amount of breast gland tissue. It is normally caused by an imbalance of the estrogen and testosterone hormones. The signs of gynecomastia differ from the development of extra tissue around the nipples. It can largely affect one or both breasts. Sometimes, it is possible that the breast tissue can be founder to be naturally tender.
Major Causes of Gynaecomastia
Causes of Gynecomastia
Hormonal surges can lead to the growth of male breast tissue during the puberty. The breast tissue shrinks after puberty. But, in lots of cases, the size of the breasts remains enlarged. Some of the major causes of gynecomastia include puberty and excessive weight gain. Also, use of anabolic steroids and marijuana. Certain types of medications can also cause male breast enlargement.
All about surgery to correct Gynecomastia
Patients suffering from gynecomastia have lumps in their breasts. Therefore, surgery is performed to remove the breast tissues. It usually involves liposuction of the excess fat and the surgical elimination of the surplus glandular breast tissue. This type of medical procedure procedure is performed through a deep incision done in the margin of the nipple-areolar complex.
Generally, such type of serious surgical operation will be performed under the general anesthesia. However, in certain cases, it can also be performed under oral sedation and local anesthesia. As per reports, in some cases, drains are used after surgery to reduce the chance of fluid collections. Skilled and efficient surgeons recommend the use of compression vests and icing to help control pain, decrease swelling and control bruising.
To prepare for gynecomastia surgery, you need to make sure that you stop medications that can enhance the risk of bleeding and quit smoking. Additionally, you must increase your nutrition to support your healing and recovery after surgery.
Before undergoing gynecomastia surgery, the surgeon will perform a complete physical exam of your breasts. This would help to confirm gynecomastia and remove the suspicion for male breast cancer.
How do I know if I have gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia can be diagnosed by physical examination. If there is a suspicion or possibility of cancer, a mammogram may be highly ordered by a medical practitioner. Additionally, a few other tests may be ordered .Some of these tests include blood tests. It helps to examine the operation of liver, kidney, and thyroid function.
Gynecomastia usually improves on its own. But, in some of the cases it may persist longer. Thus, requiring proper medical treatment. As per the doctors, if this disorder exists for a longer time, you may need to undergo scarring (fibrosis).
Are medical drugs used for the treatment of gynecomastia?
There are few medical treatments available to treat gynecomastia. Although, no particular drug has been approved by the FDA. However, there are certain medications which can be used to treat the medical condition. For example, Clomiphene can be used to treat gynecomastia to a vast extent.
What is the surgical treatment of gynecomastia?
Medications are considered to be more effective in the early stages only. When the tissue has become scarred, surgical removal is the only possible treatment and the breast reduction surgical procedure has been used in various cases to treat gynecomastia. It is mostly used in cases where some of the medical drug therapies have not been successful.
To know more about the treatment of gynecomastia and undergo the gynecomastia surgery, you must consult a suitable doctor.